For many individuals, the natural course of tinnitus is to improve over time and become less problematic and intrusive. Since tinnitus will often improve with time, management strategies for tinnitus are typically considered only if tinnitus is both bothersome and has been present for several months. There is no true cure for primary tinnitus. There are, however, many approaches to treatment that can improve symptoms and relieve distress. Tinnitus is a complex, multifactorial problem. Since no two individuals with tinnitus are alike, a tinnitus treatment plan should be based on that individual's needs.
Treatment for tinnitus may include the following:
• Hearing aids: Patients with hearing loss may find relief from the use of hearing aids because a hearing aid will augment the volume of external sounds based on a patient’s hearing loss. Communication may be improved by augmenting the volume of external sounds and this augmentation may also mask the tinnitus.
• Sound Therapy: Can be either a program built into a hearing aid, or a handheld device that provides pleasant neural acoustic stimulus that promotes changes in the brain to reduce tinnitus perception.
• Multidisciplinary approach: Tinnitus disturbance can result in strong negative emotions, such as anxiety and depression, which in some instances, needs to be addressed. Patients may be referred to a behavioral therapist, psychologist or psychiatrist to learn how to disassociate their tinnitus from negative emotional and behavioral responses.